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E-ISSN : 2249 - 4642 | P-ISSN: 2454 - 4671
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Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) and its Impact on Psychological Capital: An Analytical Study of the Opinions of a Sample of Department Managers and Peoplesí Officials at the Headquarters of the Ministry of Education
Alaa Abdel Karim Jalil, Prof. Dr. Hadeel Kazem Saeed
Volume: 12 Issue: 4 2022
The current research aims to verify the effect of (leader-member exchange) as an independent variable in psychological capital as a responding variable, in the departments of the Ministry of Education headquarters, and to try to come up with a set of recommendations that contribute to enhancing the practice and adoption of variables in the organizations under study. Based on the importance of the subject of the research to the community, and to the researched organizations and their individuals, the researcher adopted the descriptive analytical approach in completing this research, with choosing the headquarters of the Ministry of Education as a place of application, while the research sample was represented (and heads of departments and officials of the people at the level of the ministry and its departments) as a random stratified sample of the research community. In the general directorates at the headquarters of the Ministry of Education, as the researcher distributed (169) questionnaires of the research sample, then collected data from (154) respondents from the surveyed community by adopting the questionnaire, which included (45) paragraphs, and providing it with personal interviews and field observations as tools to help in strengthening it. The research adopted the program (Amos V.25, SPSS v25) with the adoption of descriptive and inferential statistics methods (normal distribution test, confirmatory factor analysis, building models of variables, arithmetic mean, percentages, standard deviation, relative importance, coefficient of variation, Pearson correlation coefficient, simple regression coefficient, path analysis, Sobel test) to test its hypotheses. As for the most prominent results of the research, it was represented by the presence of a clear positive effect of the exchange (leader-member) in the psychological capital through the presence of supportive and supportive leadership for human resources and for excellence and creativity that is provided by human resources, and therefore this support has contributed positively to achieving good levels of Self-efficacy, confidence and flexibility in performance among the research sample.
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