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E-ISSN : 2249 - 4642 | P-ISSN: 2454 - 4671



Measuring the Relationship Between Economic Variables and The General Budget Deficit in Iraq for the Period Between 2004-2020

Prof. Niazi Kammoun, Mugdad Arkan Jabbar

Volume: 13 Issue: 2 2023


At the level of the economy, there are many relationships. There is a relationship between GDP and total consumption, between the exchange rate and foreign trade, and between the exchange rate and the interest rate. There is also a relationship between financial planning and the general budget, and this particular point is the subject of the current study. The study aims to study the reality of the public budget during the study period and the impact of financial planning on spending the public budget in Iraq. The study reached several results, the most important of which was that the estimation results showed that some variables had a good moral level. Their response was adverse to the exchange rate variable and the unemployment rate during the first slowdown period. The exchange and unemployment rates are inversely related to the dependent variable in the long run. The public debt and inflation rate are directly related to the deficit and surplus of the trade balance. The research concluded with several recommendations, the most important of which was that the budget planner follows the scientific method in building the general budget. Moreover, the budget is built in light of the country's problems and challenges. In other words, the public budget should be viewed as a tool for achieving sustainable development, not for immediate consumption.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.37648/ijrssh.v13i02.012

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