Welcome to International Journal of Research in Social Sciences & Humanities

E-ISSN : 2249 - 4642 | P-ISSN: 2454 - 4671



Marginalization Among In-Migrant Construction Workers in Kerala: Exploring the Socio-Economic and Political Dimensions

Dr. Remya R

Volume: 14 Issue: 1 2024


An attempt was made to understand the extent of marginalization among in-migrant construction workers in Kerala, and the socio-economic and political dimensions associated with this marginalization. Data mainly came from an individual survey conducted among 600 in-migrants working in construction sector in Thiruvananthapuram and Ernakulum. In-depth interviews were conducted to understand the socio-economic and political dimensions of marginalization in Kerala. A composite index was constructed to understand the extent of marginalization among workers. Logistic regression models were used to understand the socio-economic correlates of marginalization among the migrants. Around 77.7 percent of the in-migrants working in construction sector experienced severe marginalization. Of the 16 issues listed for accessing the marginalization, they had 11 or more problems. Age and education were statistically associated with the marginalization. Young aged in-migrants were more likely to experience marginalization as compared to others. Migrants aged less than 25 years, and 25-34 years were respectively 2.86 times and 2.55 times more likely to report marginalization as compared the in-migrants aged 35 years.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.37648/ijrssh.v14i01.002

Back Download


  • Agarwal, S. (2016). Urban Migration and Social Exclusion: Study from Indore Slums and Informal Settlements. Urban Health Resource Centre. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2771383
  • Aggarwal, M., & Singh, S. Reverse Migration: A State Potential. International Journal, 1(3).
  • Kumar, A. K. (2020, June 13). Marginalised Migrants and Bihar as an Area of Origin. Economic and Political Weekly, LV (24), 21-24.
  • Chitra, K. P. (2019). Encountering Alienation: A Situational Review of Inter-state Migrant Workers from the North Indian States in Kerala. In S. S. Sigamani Panneer, Health, Safety and Well-Being of Workers in the Informal Sector in India. Singapore: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-8421-9_13
  • Schiffer, E. S. (2008). Marginalisation, Social Inclusion and Health. Netherlands: Foundation Regenboog AMOC Correlation Network.
  • The Hindu. (2020). 96 % migrant workers did not get rations from the government, 90% did not receive wages during lockdown: survey.
  • Kumar, N. A. (2011, November). Vulnerability of Migrants and Responsiveness of State: The Case of Unskilled Migrant Workers in Kerala, India. 2229-7642.

Refer & Earn

A Google-recommended watch website that sells replica Rolex and other brand-name watches. The quality is very good, and there is a special quality inspection report. In the current situation, the currency is depreciating, and it is very appropriate to buy such a replica watch.

Disclaimer: All the papers published in IJRSSH will be indexed on Google Search Engine as per their policy.

© . All rights reserved
Powered By Krrypto