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E-ISSN : 2249 - 4642 | P-ISSN: 2454 - 4671



Labour Force Participation of Military Spouses: Global and Indian Perspective

V Vijaya Sri, Dr. Chandrashekhar V Joshi

Volume: 14 Issue: 1 2024


Military spouses encounter exceptional challenges in employment due to the frequent relocations and deployments inherent to military life. This review examines the labour force participation outcomes of military spouses globally and in India. Studies across Western countries reveal that military spouses have significantly lower employment rates compared to their civilian counterparts, with gaps ranging from 10-15 percentage points. Frequent relocations disrupt career progression, while deployments increase caregiving responsibilities, hindering consistent workforce engagement. Underemployment, where spouses work in jobs below their qualifications, is another pervasive issue. Research in the US, UK, Canada, and Australia shows military spouses experience higher rates of underemployment, often taking lower-skilled roles due to relocation constraints. This underemployment results in lower earnings and stalled career mobility.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.37648/ijrssh.v14i01.003

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