International Journal of Research in Social Sciences & Humanities

(By Aryavart International University, India)

International Peer Reviewed (Refereed), Open Access Research Journal

E-ISSN : 2249 - 4642 | P-ISSN: 2454 - 4671

SJIF 2020: 6.179 | SJIF 2021: 6.064

Past Issue : Volume: 13 Issue: 2 2023

Research Article S.R. No: 1

 Page no: 1 - 12

Measuring and Analyzing the Impact of the Efficient Use of Public Debt Towards Public Investment in Iraq for the Period 2003-2021

Burhan Sheeaa Maire AL-Bayati, Hamdya Shaker Moslem

Despite the significant increase in the volume of public spending in the past years, it was not directed towards public investment. The pivotal structures or vital productive ...

Research Article S.R. No: 2

 Page no: 13 - 36

Food Security in Iraq in Light of the Repercussions of the Russian-Ukraine War Crisis

Dr. Jaafar Baqir Al-Dujaili


Any state or society must have a system of national security in all its dimensions, as it is part of the sovereignty of the state in protecting its citizens and the land and achiev...

Research Article S.R. No: 3

 Page no: 37 - 44

Analysis of Charles Dickens Great Expectations, Based on Reader-Response Theory

Seba Fadhel Abas


This article illustrates and explains Charles Dicken’s novel, Great Expectations, based on reader- narration, themes, techniques, figures of speech, language, and characters. The...

Research Article S.R. No: 4

 Page no: 45 - 62

Sheikh Ahmed Bin Ali Al-Rifa’i (D. 578 AH / 1182 AD) and His Impact on Iraqi Society: Historical Study

Wasan Hussein Muheemed


Sheikh Ahmed bin Ali Al-Rifai is considered one of the Sufi personalities who became famous in Iraq and abroad, and to him, the Al-Rifai method of Sufism is attributed. This study ...

Research Article S.R. No: 5

 Page no: 63 - 74

The Effect of Default Risk on Cash Flow Profitability Indicators: Analytical Research for a Sample of Iraqi Private Banks

Hanadi Seqar Makttoof


Focusing on the negative role of default risk on banks, as it is one of the most important risks facing banks, which are difficult to determine accurately, and its reflection on th...

Research Article S.R. No: 6

 Page no: 75 - 85

Subject Review: The Effectiveness Of Integrating E-Learning On Learning Outcome And Student Perceptions In Tertiary Education

Zena Abdulameer Mohammad


The literature shows conflicting outcomes, making it difficult to determine how e-learning affects the performance of students in higher education. The effect of e-learning was stu...

Research Article S.R. No: 7

 Page no: 86 - 97

Language Anxiety Among Students of English Language Departments

Prof. Dr. Mohammed Anwar Mahmoud, Doaa Hafez Jassim


The current study aimed to identify the linguistic anxiety among students of the English language departments at the University of Baghdad according to the variable (gender - and g...

Research Article S.R. No: 8

 Page no: 98 - 108

Gandhi’s Compassionate Cosmopolitan Ethics and Global Poverty

Santosh Kumar


In the post-Rawlsian world many liberal cosmopolitan philosopher and theorists have been trying to argue that love, emotion, sentiments and empathy are needed to ensure justice in ...

Research Article S.R. No: 9

 Page no: 109 - 127

The Military Term (Soldier-Force) (Translation-Semantic Study)

Ahmed Saied Obaid


In the city of Israel, in the city of Jerusalem, in the city of Israel, and in the city of Israel. Thus the two terms (soldier - soldier) that appear in the Bible, but often with d...

Research Article S.R. No: 10

 Page no: 128 - 137

The Role of Political Communication in Crisis Management

Firas Kadhim Hassooni, Shubbar Hussein Jaafar Al-Naffakh

The importance of the research is the role of political communication in crisis management and how to manage it, the importance of political communication for the political system ...

Research Article S.R. No: 11

 Page no: 138 - 150

The Impact of Fiscal Policy on the Gross Domestic Product as One of the Indicators of Economic Development in Iraq Between 2004-2020

Montej Abida, Rafid Hammood Salman


Fiscal policy is a major part of economic policy and a tool for implementing the government's economic policy toward achieving the set goals. This is done through its main tools (p...

Research Article S.R. No: 12

 Page no: 151 - 161

Measuring the Relationship Between Economic Variables and The General Budget Deficit in Iraq for the Period Between 2004-2020

Prof. Niazi Kammoun, Mugdad Arkan Jabbar


At the level of the economy, there are many relationships. There is a relationship between GDP and total consumption, between the exchange rate and foreign trade, and between the e...

Research Article S.R. No: 13

 Page no: 162 - 175

Problems of translating Arabic poetry into Persian Zaban (Mordi reading) Ahmad Matar's Poetry

Ghaidaa Abdul Zahrah Hadi


It is no secret to everyone that translation is very important in the exchange of cultures and sciences between different nations and civilizations. Today, it has become a bridge t...

Research Article S.R. No: 14

 Page no: 176 - 183

Problems and Possibilities in Tourism Development of Keoladeo National Park

Krishna Sharma, Mohd Kaish


Keoladeo National Park used to be a place where people used to go for religious pilgrimages or just for fun, but now it is becoming a place where people go to earn money through to...

Research Article S.R. No: 15

 Page no: 184 - 195

The Effect of Cloud Computing in Facing the Challenges of Applying IFRSs in Iraqi Private Banks

Mustafa Mohamed Helio, Prof. Dr. Bushra Najim Abdullah


The research aims to explain the role of cloud computing technology in facilitating the application of international financial reporting standards in Iraqi banks, by preparing a ch...

Research Article S.R. No: 16

 Page no: 196 - 209

The Role of Human Resource Quality In Achieving Competitive Advantage: Analytical Research in the General Company for Vegetable Oil Industry

Dr. Mohammed Yasin Rahim, Hussein Jawad Kazem


The research aims to demonstrate the relationship between its main variables, the quality of human resources with its dimensions (quality of recruitment and appointment, quality of...

Research Article S.R. No: 17

 Page no: 210 - 213

The Impact of Youtube on Iraqi EFL Learners’ Academic Achievements at Sawa Private University: A Critical Essay

Abdullah Najim Abd Al Khanaifsawy


The present essay aims at investigating the effects of the educational videos on the college students’ academic achievements. The present paper came after checking the students...

Research Article S.R. No: 18

 Page no: 214 - 219

The Devil's Promise to Doctor Faustus

Afrah Sofi Abdel Hussein, Tayseer Sabbar Kadhim Al Hamad


In this research (Devil promises only ink on paper ) we will discuss the promises of the devil for the human and it's actually the promises will be just ink on paper . there are at...

Research Article S.R. No: 19

 Page no: 220 - 231

Chinese Rise and the Development of Conflicts with Southeast Asian Countries over the South China Sea

Muntaha Ali Hussien, Dr. Huussein Mezher Khalaf


The American thinker Samuel Huntington at the time thought that the global conflict under the new international order would be an economic conflict, stressing that China would be t...

Research Article S.R. No: 20

 Page no: 232 - 238

HRM Management Approaches, With a Focus on Employee Centric Approach: A Case Study In The Rafidain Bank In Iraq

Ali Adnan Hasan


This research attempts to shed light on a topic that is considered one of the most important topics of HRMs management, which is the Employee centric approach by examining its phil...

Research Article S.R. No: 21

 Page no: 239 - 253

Role of Electronic Marketing on Promoting High Performance Levels - An Analytical Study in Investment Bank of Iraq

Nabeel Qasim Enad, Rana Qasim Yahya


The research aims to clarify the role of the concept of electronic marketing and its dimensions in achieving high performance by building a knowledge base based on previous intelle...

Research Article S.R. No: 22

 Page no: 254 - 270

The Arabic language and the Impact of the Holy Qur’an on Its Prosperity and Preservation

Prof Dr Mohammed Mawlood Khalaf


This research attempts to look at the emergence of the Arabic language through the stages of work until its completion in terms of its linguistic systems and structures, and then t...

Research Article S.R. No: 23

 Page no: 271 - 278

Social Communication in Conceptual Works of Contemporary Ceramics

Saad Hafid Obaid


Contemporary ceramic art and intellectual trends, where the ceramic form became interactive from society and mixed with the environment, and in conceptual art, the concept or meani...

Research Article S.R. No: 24

 Page no: 279 - 286

Impact of Investment and Financing Policies for Working Capital on Earning and Stocks Prices: An Applied Study in Iraq Stock Exchange

Dr. Ayad Taher Mohammed


The research aims to study the impact of Companies policies of financing and investment for working capital on stocks prices and earnings, for six companies are listed on the Iraq...

Research Article S.R. No: 25

 Page no: 287 - 301

"Entrepreneurship Creativity in Light of the Digitization of Mental Abilities According to the Hermann Scale": An Applied Study in the Presidency of A...

Dr. Fouad Yousif Abdulrahman, Dr. Sumaya Abbas Majeed Al-Rubaye, Dr. Sahar Ahmed Kurji


This study was based on the idea that the study of mental abilities and the possibility of digitizing them and determining their trends according to the Hermann scale, in which he ...

Research Article S.R. No: 26

 Page no: 302 - 325

The Effectiveness of the Gibbs Model in Modifying Alternative Perceptions of Social Concepts in Educational Sociology and their Cognitive Beliefs amon...

Muwafaq Abdul Zahra Abdul Ridha


The current research aims to identify the effectiveness of the (Gibbs) model in modifying alternative perceptions in teaching educational sociology on the development of social con...

Research Article S.R. No: 27

 Page no: 326 - 331

Communicative Approach in the Iraqi Secondary Schools: Between Theory and Practice

Mohammed Riyath Manfi


The present study is an attempt to investigate the application of Communicative Approach in Iraqi secondary schools. The new English syllabus has been established for the sake of c...

Research Article S.R. No: 28

 Page no: 332 - 358

Iraqi Society (2015-2021) A Study in Political Sociology

Dr. Sundus Sarhan Ahmed


Purpose of the research is to study Iraqi society (2015-2021) from the entrance of political sociology, so that the research problem is represented in the extent of the repe...

Research Article S.R. No: 29

 Page no: 359 - 375

The Role of Cognitive Assimilation of Human Resources in Strategic Performance: Exploratory Research at the Higher Institute for Security and Administ...

Anmar Muhammad Farag, D Muhammad Yasin Rahim


The main idea of the research is embodied in the researcher's attempt to diagnose the role played by the cognitive assimilation of human resources in enhancing strategic performanc...

Research Article S.R. No: 30

 Page no: 376 - 393

Analytical Study of Time and Place in Jafar Modares Sadeghi's Novel Gavakhuni and Lotfia Al-Dulimi's Man Yareth al-Fardous

Abbas Dawi Yoosuf, Madyan Abdulazeez Rashid


Novel is actually an art genre related to time-space. Talking about place inevitably evokes time. This is because these two elements complement each other. Time and place constitut...

Research Article S.R. No: 31

 Page no: 394 - 398

A Critical Discourse Analysis Study of UNHCR Reports on Internally Displaced Iraqi People

Nabiha Salman Sultan


Critical discourse analysis is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of discourse that views language as a form of social practice. Thus CDA is considered a theory in qualitat...

Research Article S.R. No: 32

 Page no: 399 - 415

The Effect of Some Green Human Resource Management Practices in Sustainable Performance: Analytical Research in the Ministry of Environment

Walaa Tariq Jasim, D Ali Hassoun Fendi


The research aims to shed light on the analysis of the relationship between green human resource practices and sustainable performance and the extent of the impact of this relation...

Research Article S.R. No: 33

 Page no: 416 - 424

Self-Denial and Forceful Social Engagement in Ibsen’s Hedda Gabler and Strindberg’s Miss Julie

Zaid Tayyeh Mohammed, Ahmed Kadhim Jassim


Feminism began to be visible in some writers' works in the latter half of the 20th century, despite neither being present nor being represented in the works of western academicians...

Research Article S.R. No: 34

 Page no: 425 - 443

History of Greek Architecture: (Influence and Influence)

Dr.Ruwaida Fasail Mosa


The Greek civilization is considered one of the most important and oldest civilizations of the ancient world because of the human, intellectual and cultural data it provided that c...

Research Article S.R. No: 35

 Page no: 444 - 455

Re-engineering of Administrative Operations in Improving Total Quality Management - A Case Study of the General Company for Electrical and Electronic ...

Asma Tawfeeq Ahmed, Dr. Jad Jihad Bahmad


One of the most important problems that the government public services sector suffers from is weak procedures and outdated administrative processes, as well as bureaucracy that may...

Research Article S.R. No: 36

 Page no: 456 - 465

Monetary Inflation In Iraq

Dr. Jaffer B. AL-dujaili


It is commonly known that the monetary inflation problem or phenomenon represents a serious economic illness which has been affecting most economies of the countries around the wor...

Research Article S.R. No: 37

 Page no: 466 - 478

Strategic Coherence and its Impact on the Excellence of Employees: An Exploratory Study of the Opinions of a Sample of Employees of the Ministry of Pl...

Thuraya Hussein Jassem, Dr. Adel Abdel-Wadoud Taher


The purpose of the research: presenting an analytical study to find out and test the influence relationship between strategic cohesion and the excellence of the workers in the org...

Research Article S.R. No: 38

 Page no: 479 - 484

Ben Jonson, Literary Style, and Presents Most Famous Plays

Ali Abdul Mohsin Hadi Al-Hajmee


Drama has always fascinated audiences. Audiences have been captivated by dramatic presentations of the plights of others since antiquity, which not only satisfies their natural cu...

Research Article S.R. No: 39

 Page no: 485 - 495

The Effect of Linguistic Intelligence-Based Activities on Iraqi EFL Learners' Speaking and Reading Abilities: A Case Study of Diwanniaya

Hayder Hakim Abd Al-Khadhim, Furat Najah Abd Al-Hamza


According to Khaydarova Nigina & Ganiyevna Muhammed Muhsin (2019), “The English language has become an international language. Among nations, it serves as a lingua franca. It is ...

Research Article S.R. No: 40

 Page no: 496 - 512

The Scientific Life of Shurish City Through the Book of Al-Thail and Al-Takmula based on the Two Books of Al-Mausul and Al-Wasela by Abdulmalek Marra...

Dr. Sulaf Faidhalla Hassan


The book of Al-Thail and Al-Takmula based on the two books of Al-Mausul and Al-Wasela by Abdulmalek Marrakchi (t 703 H/1303 AD) is one of the most important translation books in Is...

Research Article S.R. No: 41

 Page no: 513 - 520

Corporate Governance: Article Review

Shahbaa Hazim Hamed, Dr. Muthana Zahim Fisal


The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive definition of corporate governance and to review the existing literature on the subject. The researchers examine various c...

Research Article S.R. No: 42

 Page no: 521 - 530

The Role of Labor Relations in Reducing the Cases of Job Withdrawal

Yasser Yarub Abdul-Jabbar, Prof. Dr. Ghani Dahham Tanay Al-Zubaidi


The current research aims to analyze the relationship and the level of influence of labor relations in reducing the cases of job withdrawal in private colleges in Baghdad. (265) i...

Research Article S.R. No: 43

 Page no: 531 - 545

Explanation of Al-Adab Al-'Udhdiyyah by Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Bin 'Arab Shah Al-Asfara'ini, The Deceased (945 Ah): Study and Verification

Dr. Mayada Fathil Ahmed


Upon the completion of this study and the achievement of its first section, it became evident that the science of research and debate originated during the time of Prophet Muhammad...

Research Article S.R. No: 44

 Page no: 546 - 561

English Language Learning Demotivating Factors for Iraqi Open Educational College EFL Students

Rafal Lateef Jasim


One of the things that might lower students' desire for learning a language is demotivating situations. This study looked into what discourages open educational college EFL student...

Research Article S.R. No: 45

 Page no: 562 - 567

A Pragmatic Analysis of Woman's Images in Selected English and Arabic Proverbs

Azhar Hanoon Muslat


This study is within the framework of linguistics that tries to analyze written and spoken discourse and study its features through pragmatic tools to understand the process of com...

Research Article S.R. No: 46

 Page no: 568 - 573

Hyperrealism of Advanced Technology and its Influences on Human Identity in Jennifer Egan's The Candy House

Najlaa Hayyawi Abbar


Hyperreality as a significant concept of Jean Baudrillard signifies a situation when what is real and what is imaginary are merged together and thus, there is no clear difference a...

Research Article S.R. No: 47

 Page no: 574 - 585

Measuring the Relationship Between Public Debt Refinancing Mechanisms and Directing the Public Budget in Iraq

Dr. Azhar Hasan Ali, Noor Abdul Razaq Abdul Wahaab

[This paper was withdrawn due to certain technical errors]

Public debt is an important financial tool used by the state to direct economic activity and to ensure its stability and increase its growth rates, but the increase in the volume o...

Research Article S.R. No: 48

 Page no: 586 - 600

The Role of Proactive Behavior in Achieving Strategic Decision Quality

Muthanna Zahem Faisal, Maryam Fakhruddin Mahmoud


The aim of this research is to explore the role of proactive behavior and its dimensions, including taking responsibility, proactive personality, broadening the role, and self-effi...

Research Article S.R. No: 49

 Page no: 601 - 617

The Recipes of Existence

Dr. Hanan Ali Awada


Jasper's philosophy, affirmation of ''freedom'' synonym of human existence . However a recipe of failure are the result which inevitable accessible in life. The fate is the death. ...

Research Article S.R. No: 50

 Page no: 618 - 630

La literatura es una herramienta de la documentación de la historia: La novela “el último judío” como muestra

Dr. Shatha Kareem Atta ALSHAMARY


Literature is a means of documenting historical events. Since literature reflects the environment in which the writer lives, all the actions that turn around him, whether political...

Research Article S.R. No: 51

 Page no: 631 - 640

The Grammatical Diacritical Mark and its Semantic Values in The Subject and The Predicate

Wissam Theyab Abid


The research aims to reveal the connotations of the dumma when it is mentioned in the initial structure of the news according to the context in which it is mentioned, so the resear...

Research Article S.R. No: 52

 Page no: 641 - 646

A Literary Manipulation of Dicken’s “Fantasy” in The Christmas Carol, The Chimes, and the Cricket on the Hearth

Murtadha Adel Bader


The purpose of this study is to investigate selected fantasy short stories by Charles Dickens. The study focuses on "impulse for fantasy," which leads Dicken’s readers to a capti...

Research Article S.R. No: 53

 Page no: 647 - 656

Repetition as a Stylistic Feature in Mansour Al-Helou's Poetry: A Literary Aesthetic Perspective

Dr. Hassan Qanood Jabir


At the outset, we must point out that we have the lead and leadership in writing about a poet that the scientific community did not write about, and here we are, God willing, writi...

Research Article S.R. No: 54

 Page no: 657 - 667

Utilization of Modern Methods of Teaching Geography Curriculum in Iraq

Jinan Shihab Hamid


Geography teaching is fulfilled within the frame of a specific curriculum and in order to achieve some acquirements in Iraq. Though there are course books prepared in accordance wi...

Research Article S.R. No: 55

 Page no: 668 - 678

A Pragmatic Study of Telephone Opening Conducts Among Iraqis

Abeer Ali Dinar


The organization of telephone conversation received much scholarly attention since Schegloff’s pioneering work in the 1960s and 1970s. The current study aims to: First, Id...

Research Article S.R. No: 56

 Page no: 679 - 688

Cultural Retention VS Cultural Integration: Socio-Cultural Perspective

Abdullah Najim Abd Al Khanaifsawy


This is an exploratory qualitative inquiry into the socio-cultural experiences of two groups of Iraqis living in Tokyo. Data was gathered through in-depth interviews with 25 famili...

Research Article S.R. No: 57

 Page no: 689 - 701

A Stylistic Study of Time and Tense in English and Arabic Short Stories: Contrastive Study

Abdullah Najim Abd Aliwie


The present paper is a stylistic attempt to shed the lights on the differences between ‘Time’ and ‘Tense’ in English and Arabic after analyzing some selected English and Ar...

Research Article S.R. No: 58

 Page no: 702 - 708

The Impact of Teaching Methodology on Quality Learning

Hayder Hakim Abd Al Khadhim


Teaching method is the mechanism that is used by the teacher to organize and implement a number of educational means and activities to achieve certain goals. Teaching techniques ar...

Research Article S.R. No: 59

 Page no: 709 - 725

A Pragmatic Study of Proverbs: Sociocultural Perspective

Abdullah Najim Abd Al Khanaifsawy


Proverbs are interesting pieces of popular wisdom and tradition belonging to any culture, which help us to foreground the values and shared beliefs held by a speech community. Howe...

Research Article S.R. No: 60

 Page no: 726 - 734

Truth in Samuel Becket’s “Waiting for Godot”

Dr. Murthadha Adel Bader


Waiting for Godot is a play by Samuel Beckett in which two characters, Vladimir (Didi) and Estragon (Gogo), engage in a variety of discussions and encounters while awaiting the tit...

Research Article S.R. No: 61

 Page no: 735 - 744

A Study on Iraqi Teachers’ Roles and Willingness to Accept Educational Technology

Abdullah Najim Abd Al Khanaifsawy


It is a truth universally acknowledged that Educational Technology empowers teachers and learners to face and promote the change that world education is facing since the beginning ...

Research Article S.R. No: 62

 Page no: 745 - 751

Attitudes, Beliefs and Knowledge of Iraqi EFL Teachers Regarding Peer Tutoring

Dr. Ali Abdul Mohsin Al-Hajmee


To better promote the various elements of learning, the language education industry has made a considerable shift to a more learner-centered approach. While peer tutoring in the cl...

Research Article S.R. No: 63

 Page no: 752 - 758

The Use of Blended Learning in Sawa Private University and Its Effect on English Department Students' Language Achievements

Dr. Ali Abdul Mohsin Al-Hajmee


Including technology in a classroom is no longer a benefit. It turns out to be a crucial component of successful education. Let us rewind a few decades to a time when educators had...

Research Article S.R. No: 64

 Page no: 759 - 771

A Descriptive Study in the Book “Al-Nusra Coalition in the Difference of Kufa and Basra Grammarians”

Dr Nada Sami Nassir, Dr. Hanan Hussein Hasan


Our research is a descriptive study on the book “Al-Nusra Coalition in the Difference of the Grammarians of Kufa and Basra”. The title was characterized by high musicality and ...

Research Article S.R. No: 65

 Page no: 772 - 786

Green Human Resources Management and its Relationship to Green Marketing Among the Employees of the University of Baghdad: Field Research at the Unive...

Areej Faeq Abdel, Al-Zahraa Sabah Alchalabi


This study aimed to demonstrate the impact of green human resources management on green marketing through a prospective study of the College of Administration and Economics / Unive...

Research Article S.R. No: 66

 Page no: 787 - 794

The Impact of Symbolism in Ernest Hemingway’s Novel the Old Man and the Sea

Fahmi Salim Hameed


This research study and examine the masterful writer. The author exhibits their expertise of writing in a distinctive way by utilizing literary devices and approaches. We h...

Research Article S.R. No: 67

 Page no: 795 - 806

The Contribution (Place) of Evening Schools to the Educational Landscape of Cameroon: Curriculum Design and Performance Issues

Sussana Fomundam Epse Tenjoh Okwen


This paper seeks to examine the place and contribution of evening schools in the Cameroonian educational landscape which has been often neglected or given less attention despite th...

Research Article S.R. No: 68

 Page no: 807 - 823

The Aesthetics of Employing Conglomerates (Pebbles) in the Plastic Achievements of the Artist Hajar Al-Tayyar

Mahmmoud Hussein Abdul Rahman


This research is concerned with the study of (the aesthetic use of rocks (pebbles) in the plastic achievements by the artist Hajar Altayyar) and falls into two axes: the first t...

Research Article S.R. No: 69

 Page no: 824 - 832

The Impact of Bank Loans on the Real Estate Sector in Iraq

Husam Ali Kadhem


The real estate prices in the Iraqi market have witnessed a significant increase in the prices of residential units, including land plots and residential buildings, especially afte...

Research Article S.R. No: 70

 Page no: 833 - 841

Investigating the Difficulties Faced by Iraqi Pharmacists in Interpreting Medical Prescriptions : Interpretation Perspective

Nazik Aziz Darweesh


The profession of medicine is one of the best and noblest professions in society, and it is the profession of merciful hearts that works in the service of humanity to relieve peopl...

Research Article S.R. No: 71

 Page no: 842 - 857

The Role of Cyber Security in the Global Century in the Twenty-First Century

Sura Mwafak Maqsoud


This study focuses on the concept of cybersecurity and its role in global security and the extent of changes that occurred in the concept of global security, especially in t...

Research Article S.R. No: 72

 Page no: 858 - 866

International Auditing Standard (700) and its Role in Improving the Auditor's Report

Hadeel Jabbar Ali


To ensure that the auditor's report achieves its main objective, careful attention must be given to its content and language. The report should be easily understandable to users of...

Research Article S.R. No: 73

 Page no: 867 - 873

Investigating the Perspectives of Translation Experts on Defining the Criteria of Translation Assessment

Wehaj.M. Ismael


This paper addresses a highly important topic since it examines translation quality from the perspective of translation professionals. This essay's major goals are to establish tra...


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